Volume 8: Proceedings of Applied Energy Symposium: MIT A+B, United States, 2020

Architecture for an Ultra-fast Power Response System to enable Low Inertia Systems Paul V. Brogan,John Hastings,David Laverty

Abstract

Introduced in this document is a combination of research published by our university cluster. It outlines the requirements for an ultra-fast response system to correct generation/load imbalances on timescales that could be considered virtual inertia. Much of the research is based on real power system measurements and lab experiments, supplemented by computational models. The work has been tailored to the Irish power system that is facing a low inertia threshold, limiting the utilization of renewable generation. Ireland is taken as a test case for the necessary road other power system will need to take as they integrate converter interfaced renewable generation. At present Ireland has the objective to decarbonize its power system by 2050; as anyone who has read the IPCC 2018 summary will appreciate, this is far too late and if preparatory research is not undertaken, projects may be rushed.

Keywords PMU, Frequency Transients, System Stability, Wide-area Monitoring Protection and Control, Virtual Inertia

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