Volume 03: Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Applied Energy, Part 2, Sweden, 2019

Climate Action in Energy Transition into Road Transport to Ensure Future Mobility in Algeria Ismail Bekkouche*, Ramchandra Bhandari, Abdelhalim Benmansour, Bhunesh Kumar

Abstract

In recent decades the oil demand in the transport sector is continuously increasing with rapid increase in the population growth and economic development, resulting in more greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Road transport sector in Algeria contributes the most in emissions due to 100% fossil fuel consumption. Government of Algeria launched the National Energy Efficiency Program (PNEE) in 2011 to reduce CO2 burden in the transport sector. The program was revised in 2016 with major objective of saving 15 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) of energy consumption by fuel products. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of energy efficiency policies of Algeria on road transport sector in context of carbon footprints. In this work two scenarios i.e. Business as Usual (BAU) and Energy Policy scenarios were developed to determine the carbon emission reductions. The BAU scenario was developed based on historical data while the policy energy scenarios were prepared based on government energy policy program which was to promote liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and natural gas in the road transport. The results described that implementing the government policy targets led to use of less polluting fuels and hence, reduction in CO2 emission to the environment.

Keywords Energy Transition, Sustainability, LPG Vehicles, Road Transportation, Climate Mitigation.

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