In the context of the expansion of the scale of electric vehicles and the increase in renewable energy generation, smart orderly charging of electric vehicles is an effective means to improve economic and environmental benefits. Smart orderly charging of electric vehicles can not only reduce the impact of electric vehicle charging on the grid but also provide new dispatching resources for power system regulation, thereby avoiding the waste of large amounts of renewable resources, and reducing users’ charging costs and related investments in the power sector. Therefore, this paper focuses on the analysis of the basic elements of the implementation of smart orderly charging of electric vehicles, the research composition of smart orderly charging, and the smart orderly charging incentive measures based on demand-side management. The result that first identifies the user groups and characteristics of smart orderly charging of electric vehicles, and divides its business model into two stages. Secondly, the important components of the research on smart orderly charging are highlighted, such as the determination of influencing factors and the selection of charging load forecasting methods. Thirdly, smart orderly charging incentive measures based on demand-side management is proposed in terms of technology and economy, etc. And the last section summarizes the paper and looks forward to future research directions.
Keywords electric vehicles, smart orderly charging, demand-side management