This work presents a revolutionary design of a Smart Hybrid Solar Chimney Power Plant (SHSCPP) with a target of maximizing the power capacity and reducing the operation cost. The design combines a classic Solar Chimney Power Plant (SCPP) structure with a Cooling Tower (CT) configuration. The chimney and a bidirectional turbine are shared components of the SCPP and CT. The SHSCPP system operates as a typical CT throughout the night. However, during the daytime, the system switches back and forth between the CT and the SCPP to produce the maximum amount of electricity depending on predicted weather data. Additionally, the SHSCPP produces distilled water while the system is working as an SCPP. Aqaba city which is located in Jordan has been selected to assess the performance of the SHSCPP due to its geographical area, and weather variations. The main results showed that the SHSCPP produces 651.7 MW/year of electricity compared to 368.4 MW/year when operating as a traditional SCPP.
Keywords water distillation, solar chimney, solar chimney power plant, SCPP