Volume 7: Urban Energy Systems: Building, Transport, Environment, Industry, and Integration

An Optimized System of a Combined Trans-Critical CO2 Refrigeration and Multi Effect Desalination System AL-hasan Ali Abdulwahid, Hongxia Zhao, Qian Xue, Essam E Khalil, Yanhua Lai, JitianHan



The objective of this paper is to study and make a comparison between an original boosted-system with one Booster (B-MED) and an optimized system with two boosters (2B-MED) of a combined trans-critical CO2 refrigeration and boosted multi effect desalination system. The two systems are analyzed and compared thermodynamically. The optimized system with two boosters produces around 361.72 m3/day of fresh water, on the other hand the original system with only one booster module produces around 290.3 m3/day of fresh water, which means that the optimized system with two boosters increased the fresh water production rate by 24.6 % in comparison with that of one booster module. In addition, the heat transfer rate of the gascooler to the environment in the original system is equal to 1059 kw while it is equal to 472.5 kw in the optimized one, which means that the optimized system (2B-MED) improves the refrigeration system by decreasing the heat transfer rate of the gas-cooler by 55.38 %. This leads to the reduction of the heat transfer area (HTA) of the gas cooler and all that will lead to the decrease of the total annual cost (TAC) of the refrigeration system. So that, the optimized system with two boosters is thermodynamically better than the original one.

Keywords combined system, Trans-critical carbon dioxide refrigeration, Boosted-MED, optimized system, fresh water production rate.

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