Existing research has active contributions to the P2P trading framework development, such as cost minimisation for distributed power generation, local supply and demand balancing, prosumer engagement, pricing model development, and trading security, etc. These technical developments actively contribute to the P2P energy trading infrastructure development. In order to enhance the market penetration of the P2P energy trading concept, we need suitable business models for different energy markets across the globe based on the available technical infrastructures for the P2P energy trading. For this purpose, this study offers a novel overview of the P2P energy trading from the existing literature based on a business model canvas strategy. With the support of the business model canvas, we analyse the existing P2P energy trading literature in terms of nine business model development elements, namely customer segments, customer relationships, key partners, value proposition, channels, key resources, key activities, cost structure, and revenue streams. Our study contributes to the P2P energy business model development, which also reveals new research areas for the P2P energy trading.
Keywords energy management, P2P energy trading, peer-to-peer energy sharing, prosumers