Transportation is a big energy consumer especially for high-speed railway and air transport. This paper firstly compares passenger turnover and energy consumption between high-speed railway and air transport. Secondly, air transport mainly uses aviation kerosene, which has a relatively large impact on the environment, while high-speed railway is based on electricity. Moreover, this paper proposes a plan to provide electricity for high-speed railway derived from wind and solar energy. By comparison, it is concluded that high-speed railway is more environmentally friendly and more energy-efficient than air transport.
Keywords air transport, high-speed railway, resource shortage, energy consumption, environmentally