Ammonia is a promising energy vector and storage means for hydrogen. Power to ammonia (P2A) processes employ renewable energy to split water to provide the hydrogen for the Haber-Bosch ammonia synthesis. The fluctuating nature of the renewables requires a good dynamic behavior of these cycles. Employing the software Aspen Plus DynamicsÂ®, this paper investigates the dynamic behavior of a novel containerized P2A solution, which is going to be tested at the University of Genova in 2023. The simulation results of the start-up, various load changes and the shutdown of the process suggest that the control architecture can handle all cases in a satisfactory way. However, there seems to be room for improvement regarding the parameters of some controls.
Keywords Power to ammonia, hydrogen fixation, Aspen Plus DynamicsÂ® simulations