The Yellow River basin is an important coal production area in China, where are shortage of water resources also. Analysis water consumption in coal base is an important premise for China’s energy sustainable development. Based on the present situation of coal production in Yellow River basin, this paper uses the quota method to calculate the current water consumption of coal bases, and analyzes the trend of future water use. The research results show that coal bases’ water demand of Yellow River basin in 2015 and 2020 is 3.384 billion m3 and 4.315 billion m3, respectively. Thermal power is still the largest water user in coal bases, water consumption of coal mining and coal chemical industry has not increased significantly in the future. Overall, the increase of coal bases’ water demand in the Yellow River basin is not large in the future, watersupply of coal bases can be guaranteed. But the contradiction between supply and demand of water resources in Shendong base is prominent, and base development scale need reasonable control according to local water resources.
Keywords Yellow River basin, Coal base, Water resources, Water and energy nexus