Transport is one of the major contributors of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In Latvia 29.8 % from GHG emissions come from transport. Often the influence of it is measured only from air pollution, mainly CO2 emissions and health effects caused by them, perspective, not considering other external costs associated with it. In this paper, external costs from passenger cars are calculated for Latvia’s current situation. These costs include air pollution, climate change, noise, and well-to-tank analysis. Current situation costs were then compared to different scenarios of battery electric vehicle (BEV) mix in Latvia’s passenger car fleet. The results indicate that having a higher BEV mix in the fleet reduces external costs.
Keywords Externals costs, Battery electric vehicles, Transport, GHG emissions