Today, threats arise in many respects due to the interruption of the carbon cycle, and these threats endanger the future of human and earth. The major reason is the fossil fuels consumption in energy production and the inefficient use of energy and sources. In this study, in addition to supporting the integration of renewable energy sources (RES), which will be increased for global sustainable development and targets of net-zero emissions, especially the 2060 carbon neutral targets of China which is the production center of the world, the main motivations are reducing the carbon emissions that occur in energy production and industrial productions, increasing the efficiency of energy consumption and to put the carbon cycle on track and to eliminate global disasters especially climate change and extreme weathers.
In this study, it is aimed to achieve carbon neutralization by adapting industrial productions to demand side management (DSM) applications in the determined industry with fully autonomous dynamic production lines equipped with industrial internet of things (IIoT) and automation technologies in accordance with Industry 4.0 standards, while making full use of RES and carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies.
Keywords carbon capture utilization and storage, demand side management, industry 4.0, renewable energy sources, renewable methanol and ammonia