Volume 25: Accelerated Energy Innovations and Emerging Technologies

Improving the energy performance ofthe building envelope using phase change materials Benachir Nouhaila, Taoufiq Mouhib, Farida Bendriaa



The building envelope (walls, floor, windows,roof) is a very important element of the design as it can have a effect on the energy performance of the building, that is comfortable all year round can be achieved with reasonable levels of insulation, reduced thermal bridging, summertime shading features, and ventilation. Depending on the properties of the thermal zone where we are, it is therefore possible to integrate PCM and optimize their parameters in order to favorably diphase the energy consumption peaks and energy consumption and, by the same token, significantly reducing the use of the HC system. Consequently, the integration of this PCM in the envelopes of new buildings or in renovation would contribute to reduce the energy bill in the building sector in Morocco. So the (PCM) represents a sustainable alternative to reduce energy consumption for this a thermal dynamic simulation was realized with TRNSYS 204. Since PCM involves large latent heat at small temperature phase changes, PCM is used for temperature stabilization and for storing heat with large energy densities and capacity the storage in combination with rather small temperature changes. The simulation was carried out for the climate zone of Morocco (Casablanca Nouasseur). The results of the simulation showed that the use of phase change materials inbrick walls reduced overheating in the summer period, decreasing the ambient temperature of the indoor air by 3 °C.

Keywords TRNSYS, Phase change material, Consumption , Thermal energy storage, Building, Temperature.

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