Volume 45: Energy Transitions toward Carbon Neutrality: Part VIII

Multivariate Regression for Electricity Load Forecasting in Power Systems Ezhil Reena Joy, Ramesh C Bansal, Chaouki Ghenai, Elena Gryazina, Rajesh Kumar, Sujil A Vijayan



The development of smart grids in power system necessitates the need for forecasting the electricity load for the safe and economic functioning of electricity markets. A case study has been carried out considering a city’s electricity load data using Multivariate Regression model. An input database of the model is generated taking into account of peak and off-peak hours based on maximum and minimum load data obtained from the utility operator. The characteristics of the electricity load over the whole year have been primarily analyzed to obtain a better intuition on the load behavior. In this context, the information in the form of temperature, days, different time duration i.e., peak and off-peak hours and past load data have been given as input to the regression model. The accuracy of the method has been evaluated using Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). The results of the adapted model have been compared with Neural Network, Ensemble and Kernel methods.

Keywords electricity load, load forecasting, machine learning, multivariate regression, Sharjah, SEWA

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