Volume 44: Energy Transitions toward Carbon Neutrality: Part VII

Optimal investment for energy transmission options for offshore wind considering multiple energy vectors Tara MacLeod, Wei Sun



The United Kingdom has ambitious net zero targets of 50 GW of offshore wind and 10 GW of low carbon hydrogen by 2030. The increased uptake in renewable energy technologies requires significant infrastructure reform to enable connection to the existing energy system. This paper aims to outline a novel methodology capable of optimising large-scale projects with multiple energy vectors to maximise the highest return on investment and plan for the future. A novel framework is established that takes three key design parameters into account: cable landfall, offshore substations, and green hydrogen production.

Keywords green electricity, renewable energy, green hydrogen, transmission, optimisation, offshore renewable energy

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