Air dehumidification through cooling is an energy-intensive process, which consumes about 20-40% of the overall energy for air-conditioning. Liquid desiccant dehumidification can separate dehumidification from space cooling and has potential to improve the cooling efficiency and reduce the overall energy consumption for air-conditioning. However, the drawbacks such as liquid carryover and corrosion, membrane contamination and blocking, limit its application. To eliminate these problems, a new dehumidifier using nonporous membrane and ionic liquid desiccant (ILD) was developed. The dehumidification performance of the new dehumidifier was characterized through a series of lab tests. Test results indicate that the new dehumidifier can achieve a moisture removal rate up to 180.3 g/h and a dehumidification effectiveness up to 12.7%. A parametric study found that the dehumidification performance is sensitive to the flowrates of the air and the ILD solution. A higher mass flow ratio between the ILD solution and the air could result in better dehumidification performance.
Keywords ionic liquid desiccant, dehumidifier, nonporous membrane, moisture removal rate, experimental study