Volume 24: Sustainable Energy Solutions for a Post-COVID Recovery towards a Better Future: Part VII

Study on hydrogen decompression performance of an orifice plate structure with parallel Tesla-type channels Yue Wu, Lin Teng, Bin Liu, Xigui Li, Xiaohui She, Qiaoyang Sun, Xi Kang, Lan Wang, Peng Han*



Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs) replacing internal combustion engine vehicles are a viable option to achieve net-zero carbon emission in transportation. Higher hydrogen storage pressure is necessary for increased recharge mileage, necessitating a hydrogen decompression mechanism. A unique pressure-lowering construction (Tesla-type orifice structure) is proposed in this study, in which Tesla-type channels are paralleled and incorporated into a standard orifice plate structure. A complete parametric analysis is used to optimize the Tesla-type orifice construction further. Compared to a standard orifice plate, at low inlet mass flow rates, the Tesla-type secondary orifice construction gives higher pressure drop performance. The presented study may provide a feasible technical structure for achieving high-efficiency hydrogen decompression in HFCVs.

Keywords Computational fluid dynamics, Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle, high-pressure hydrogen decompression

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