Volume 37: New Energy, New Ecology and New Environment

Can low-carbon transition reduce industrial pollution emissions? –Evidence from Low Carbon City Pilots in China Jiangqiang Chen, Saige Wang, Fang Dan, Bin Chen



Achieving a synergistic effect of carbon emission and pollution reduction is important to China. However, whether the low-carbon transformation measures can simultaneously achieve the reduction of industrial pollution remains unclear. This paper takes the low-carbon city pilots as a quasi-natural experiment, combining the time-varying difference in difference (DID) model and the spatial Durbin model to explore whether the low-carbon city policy can reduce industrial SO2 emissions. The results show that the low-carbon city policy significantly reduces local industrial SO2 emissions, but raises the emissions of neighboring cities. For the mechanism, the low-carbon city policy promotes green technology innovation to reduce industrial SO2 emissions. In addition, low-carbon city policy shows a spatial spillover effect by influencing local industrial enterprises and foreign direct investment to transfer to non-pilot cities.

Keywords Low-carbon city pilots; carbon emission and pollution reduction synergies; quasi-natural experiments; spatial spillovers

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