The proper scheduling of residential demand-side flexible resources, such as static batteries and flexible loads, is crucial for mitigating the impacts of intermittent and fluctuating residential rooftop PV generation on utility grids. Previous studies have often overlooked the benefits of different stakeholders involved in the optimal scheduling process. To address these gaps, this study proposed a comprehensive framework for the many-objective optimal dispatch of residential PV-battery-flexible load systems, considering the interests of users, grid operators, and governments. Specifically, a day-ahead optimal dispatch model with six objective functions relevant to the three stakeholders’ benefits was developed. The effectiveness of the framework was validated through case studies, which demonstrated a significant improvement in system performance compared to the maximizing self-consumption strategy. The proposed framework can provide valuable guidance for the optimal scheduling of residential PV-battery-flexible load systems in practice.
Keywords Residential PV-battery-flexible load systems, demand-side management, optimal scheduling, different stakeholders