Given the increasing role of the tourism industry in tackling climate change and air pollution, this study attempts to develop an analysis framework to investigate the effects of promoting the green and sustainable development of tourism from the perspective of developing distributed solar PV. Three typical innovation development patterns of promoting the use of distributed PV while new tourism economic growth point also has been explored. A typical tourism and distributed PV co-development project in Shenzhen which is a typical low-carbon development city is took as an example to demonstrate the application of the framework and related methods proposed to assess the benefit. The results indicate that the energy replacement effect on high-carbon coal and emission reduction effect on CAPs and GHG of this typical case is significant. On average, it results a significant reduction in coal consumption by approximately 22 thousand tonne of coal equivalent (tce), in GHG emissions by 62.9 thousand tonnes and in CAP emissions by 0.9 thousand tonnes, respectively. As the co-development of tourism and distributed PV, the effect becomes much bigger. Based on a scenario analysis, due to the use of distributed PV, the tourism industry in Shenzhen will contribute significant reductions in coal consumption, CAP and GHG emissions, ranging from 0.8 to 3.8 million tce, ranging between 0.03 and 0.2 million tonnes and in a range from 2.2 to 10.9 million tonnes, respectively.
Keywords Climate change, Carbon emission target, Tourism, Distributed solar PV, Development pattern