The objective of this research is to explore the potential of high temperature aquifer thermal energy storage (HT-ATES) to enhance the techno-economic performance of district heating systems in the Netherlands. Two case studies have been performed for the city of Utrecht and Den Haag. By using modelling tool EnergyPRO, multiple scenarios have been developed for the year 2017 and 2030. This research underlines the importance of local conditions in heat-related projects. First of all, the applicability of HT-ATES depends on the suitability of the underground, which could be different for any locations. Secondly, the local availability of heat sources with low operational costs is crucial for making a successful business case for HT-ATES.
Keywords district heating, techno-economic analysis, HT-ATES, EnergyPRO, modelling, the Netherlands